Generation Z, the first generation born in the 21st Century, will most likely buy a Zero Net Energy (ZNE) home as their first new home purchase. A ZNE home, and its promise of low or no monthly utility bills, aligns with this generation’s fiscal prudence gained through their family’s Great Recession experiences. The incorporation of Information Age technologies in ZNE homes will be attractive to this generation that probably held a smart phone or tablet computer before holding a book. And when this generation is ready to buy their first home their purchase options will be shaped by emerging public policy like California’s Title 24 building code revisions that target all new residential construction being ZNE by 2020.
What is a zero net energy home?
The simplest definition for a ZNE home is a home that annually generates onsite renewable energy that is equal to its annual energy consumption. Today this definition is already being achieved by thousands of home owners across the U.S. that have installed roof top solar systems that generate enough electricity to turn their meters back to an annual net zero. But this current solar path to ZNE ignores the economic and environmental benefits of smart and energy efficiency technologies. It is also being challenged by electric utilities claiming a distortion in the cost allocation of grid services when a homeowner can avoid payment to the utility while still using the grid to supply their home with electricity.
California is launching revised building codes in 2014 that approach ZNE home design through a sequence of steps with the last step being the use of onsite renewable energy generation. California’s approach first targets reduction in a home’s energy demand and energy consumption. One key step is the installation of smart building technologies that enable a building’s operation to achieve performance goals measured by cost, reductions in environmental impacts and reduced stress on the electricity grid during peak periods. A second key step is the installation of energy efficiency technologies that reduce consumption and related generation emissions.
Comprehensive building solutions
The design of ZNE homes will be based on an emerging concept of comprehensive building design. Home design will be anchored upon four technologies that can be integrated into a system designed to reduce costs and environmental impacts while also increasing occupants’ comfort levels and productivity. The four components of comprehensive building design are:
- smart building systems that will not only operate a building but can arbitrage between forward-looking building operations paths
- energy efficiency lighting and HVAC systems
- roof top solar systems and/or other sources of onsite renewable generation
- onsite battery systems that be charged with renewable electricity and dispatched to displace more expensive grid electricity or displace the environmental emissions tied to using fossil fueled grid electricity
The information age technologies incorporated into a comprehensive solution ZNE home will enable home operations to realize target performance results measured by:
- occupant comfort and productivity
- cost optimization across a range of options including energy efficiency, onsite generation, grid purchases and use of onsite battery storage
- demand avoidance during critical grid-peak time periods
- reduced environmental impacts
A ZNE home by Stanford University
Stanford University has commissioned a ZNE home as part of their participation in DOE’s Solar Decathlon event. The home will be used by a University work associate and his family that works off campus. The following six minute video interview is with Jacob Schaffert, the lead architect for Stanford’s ZNE home. In this video Jacob outlines the project’s design path, its costs and the design innovations for achieving mass production of ZNE homes.
About the author
This article draws from Bill Roth’s coaching program for trade professionals entitled “How To Grow Sales From Title 24 Code Revisions” that was conducted on November 5, 2013 at the San Diego Gas & Electric Energy Innovation Center. Bill Roth is an economist and the Founder of Earth 2017. He coaches business owners and leaders on proven best practices in pricing, marketing and operations that make money and create a positive difference. His book, The Secret Green Sauce, profiles business case studies of pioneering best practices that are proven to win customers and grow product revenues. Follow him on Twitter: @earth2017
Related articles on Title 24 and ZNE buildings:
Zero Net Energy Buildings: Financing and General Contractor Issues
California Adopts Zero Net Energy Building Design Through Title 24 Code Revisions