California is again driving the world toward technologies that will disrupt how we live and work. This time California’s focus is on commercializing clean tech. The state is pioneering technologies to achieve a 40% reduction in climate changing emissions by 2030.
But that is just the environmental element of California’s technology strategy. California seeks to make clean electricity flowing through a smart Internet of Things (IoT) system the world’s dominate energy system. California’s ambitiously seeks to redesign the world’s cars, homes and businesses to do more, cheaper and cleaner.
This is not a watermelon strategy. California sees a gold rush opportunity to be the global clean tech/smart IoT technology leader. This strategy is an integral part of California’s economic development ambitions. It is already demonstrating results. California is growing its economy faster than the U.S. economy while also reducing climate changing emissions.
The first of this two part series profiled the four drivers behind California’s tech ambitions for a clean, lower cost and smart IoT electricity system. This second article identifies the five technologies California is commercializing to deliver a clean/smart IoT electricity system that will change how we live, what we drive and how we operate our businesses.
Seven elements of California’s clean, smart IoT electricity strategy
California’s approach to electricity mirrors their success in pioneering IoT and the cloud. The state is attempting to create a smart electricity system that links consumers, buildings, cars, suppliers, digital technologies, appliances and price signals. This strategy has these SEVEN moving parts:
- IoT technology
- Renewable energy
- Battery storage
- Real time pricing
- Reengineered utility role
- Electric cars
- Carbon pricing
Ironically, the challenge is not technological. The enabling technologies have been invented. These technologies are now on an economies of scale and technology maturation path that will deliver competitive unit costs.
Special interest resistance is the barrier to California’s tech strategy. There is significant resistance from special interests with everyone having a special interest. For example, utilities want to protect their role and profits. Customers want lower prices to motivate them to choose the disruptive solution. Competing vendors are competing against the utilities and themselves to win marketshare.
Special interests are impacting policy implementation. California’s strategy is being by the legislature. In support of the legislature, the state’s governors have issued a series of executive orders setting ambitious goals for state agencies. Separate government agencies, including the California Public Utility Commission, California Energy Commission and California Air Resource Board, are enacting rules to comply with legislation and executive orders. Politically, California is moving faster than any state, or country, toward commercializing a clean tech and smart IoT electricity system. But in realty the State’s political/government progress, influenced by special interests, can be characterized as two steps forward and one step back.
Five technologies driving California’s clean tech/smart IoT electricity system
Five technologies are at the core of California’s technology vision. These technologies are:
- Smart buildings. California is radically revising its building codes to make Zero Net Energy buildings the permitting standard. Where monopoly utilities defined electricity in the 20th Century, California’s visions is that smart buildings will define it in the 21st Century. ZNE buildings are technologically feasible today. California’s strategy is make them affordable and least cost. ZNE commercialization is being realized through a massive reduction in technology cost, functionality and connectivity. The deliverable will be buildings and homes that optimize for lowest electricity cost, highest reliability, greatest comfort, highest security, seamless connectivity and cleanliness. ZNE is the technology future for America’s homes, offices, stores and factories.
- Onsite solar generation. Solar electricity is at price parity, or cheaper, with most utilities’ retail prices. In addition, solar is more reliable. If the sun is shining (including cloudy days) solar panels will produce electricity. Panel failure is very rare because there are no moving mechanical parts. Today, most solar systems are designed so if one panel fails the others still operate. Utility and regulatory policy are the national implementation barrier to on-sited solar. The day is coming when electricity prices will rise dramatically after domestically produced natural gas prices align with global natural gas market prices. When that day arrives there will be a customer (voter) stampede for roof top solar that will overcome today’s utility/regulatory resistance.
- Onsite batteries. Onsite batteries are the next technology leap for solar and wind power. A new generation of battery technology is coming on line in California. The state is creating demand for the battery industry like it did for the solar industry. The result will be a dramatic drop in price gained through manufacturing economies of scale. The industry is also gaining lower prices through incremental technology advancements. While still costly, California is driving batteries toward price competitiveness with the current utility system of using fossil fueled peaking power plants.
- Smart grid. Too often the utility concept of a smart grid is that they will be the smart ones. Utility smart meters are seen as the hub around which customers operate. However, tech history points to the smart grid being a shared IoT. Smart appliances, solar systems and batteries will interface with a smart grid just like computers and smart phones interface with the Internet. ZNE buildings will search the smart grid and buy or sell electricity based on price, cleanliness and reliability. Like Amazon’s Web Services, utilities or a similar agency, will host the grid and provide services that are least cost, clean and reliable.
- Electric cars. California has the goal of one million electric cars by 2024. Electric cars are part of the state’s clean tech/smart IoT strategy. Electric cars are already fuel price competitive with gasoline cars at less than $1 per gallon gas prices. GM and Tesla are on track to introduce electric vehicles with 200 mile single charge ranges that are price competitive with the average retail new car price. The real tech leap will be electric and autonomous driving cars. California’s cities are pioneering urban transportation models based on IoT, shared economy apps like Uber and electric/autonomous cars to make commuting faster, easier, cheaper and cleaner. What city or commuter would not want to buy that!
About the author
Bill Roth is the author of The Boomer Generation Diet, now on sale at Amazon! Here’s what Jen Boynton, Editor in Chief of Triple Pundit says about the book: ”Written in Bill Roth’s lovable, relatable tone. The Boomer Generation Diet is a must-read for any Boomer who is looking to jumpstart their health and have fun at the same time. I hope my parents read it!” Follow Bill on Twitter and Facebook.